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17 March 2015 Bone vascularization and bone micro-architecture characterizations according to the μCT resolution
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Trabecular bone and its micro-architecture are of prime importance for health. Changes of bone micro-architecture are linked to different pathological situations like osteoporosis and begin now to be understood. In a previous paper [12], we started to investigate the relationships between bone and vessels and proposed some indices of characterization for the vessels issued from those used for the bone. Our main objective in this paper is to qualify the classical values used for bone as well as those we proposed for vessels according to different acquisition parameters and for several thresholding methods used to separate bone vessels and background. This study is also based on vessels perfusion by a contrast agent (barium sulfate mixed with gelatin) before euthanasia on rats. Femurs and tibias as well as mandibles were removed after rat’s death and were imaged by microCT (Skyscan 1272, Bruker, Belgium) with a resolution ranging from 18 to 3μm. The so obtained images were analyzed with various softwares (NRecon Reconstruction, CtAn, and CtVox from Bruker) in order to calculate bone and vessels micro-architecture parameters (density of bone/blood within the volume), and to know if the results both for bone and vascular micro-architecture are constant along the chosen pixel resolution. The result is clearly negative. We found a very different characterization both for bone and vessels with the 3μm acquisition. Tibia and mandibles bones were also used to show results that can be visually assessed. The largest portions of the vascular tree are orthogonal to the obtained slices of the bone. Therefore, the contrast agent appears as cylinders of various sizes.
© (2015) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
E. Crauste, F. Autrusseau, Jp. Guédon, P. Pilet, Y. Amouriq, P. Weiss, and B. Giumelli "Bone vascularization and bone micro-architecture characterizations according to the μCT resolution", Proc. SPIE 9417, Medical Imaging 2015: Biomedical Applications in Molecular, Structural, and Functional Imaging, 94172R (17 March 2015);


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