26 March 2015 Paradigm for design of biomimetic adaptive structures
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Nature builds by 1) using local, available materials which 2) self-ordering or growing by attributes shared between material and environment; 3) repairing themselves, 4) sensing and adapting to changes in environment; 5) disintegrating, recycling back into the material sink; and 6) sometimes enhancing the shared environment. The author has invented and developed materials for all parts of the paradigm either individually or in tandem. Application of these rules in funded research projects described herein are: 1) in-situ adaptive ports in ocean made from chemicals in seawater based on bio-mimicking the human body 2) self-repairing, self-sensing concrete 3) self repairing polymer composites 4) bone-mimicry material self-formation to achieve a cement/polymer composite 5) fly ash building materials sequestering heavy metals.
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Carolyn Dry, Carolyn Dry, "Paradigm for design of biomimetic adaptive structures", Proc. SPIE 9429, Bioinspiration, Biomimetics, and Bioreplication 2015, 942907 (26 March 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2083935; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2083935

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