2 April 2015 Embedded piezoelectrics for sensing and energy harvesting in total knee replacement units
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Abstract
The knee replacement is the second most common orthopedic surgical intervention in the United States, but currently only 1 in 5 knee replacement patients are satisfied with their level of pain reduction one year after surgery. It is imperative to make the process of knee replacement surgery more objective by developing a data driven approach to ligamentous balance, which increases implant life. In this work, piezoelectric materials are considered for both sensing and energy harvesting applications in total knee replacement implants. This work aims to embed piezoelectric material in the polyethylene bearing of a knee replacement unit to act as self-powered sensors that will aid in the alignment and balance of the knee replacement by providing intraoperative feedback to the surgeon. Postoperatively, the piezoelectric sensors can monitor the structural health of the implant in order to perceive potential problems before they become bothersome to the patient. Specifically, this work will present on the use of finite element modeling coupled with uniaxial compression testing to prove that piezoelectric stacks can be utilized to harvest sufficient energy to power sensors needed for this application.
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Brooke E. Wilson, Michael Meneghini, Steven R. Anton, "Embedded piezoelectrics for sensing and energy harvesting in total knee replacement units", Proc. SPIE 9431, Active and Passive Smart Structures and Integrated Systems 2015, 94311E (2 April 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2087441; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2087441
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