23 March 2015 Phase-shifted helical long-period grating-based temperature-insensitive optical fiber twist sensors
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Abstract
In smart structure monitoring, twist angle is one of the most critical mechanical parameters for infrastructure deterioration. A compact temperature-insensitive optical fiber twist sensor based on multi-phase-shifted helical long period fiber grating has been proposed and experimentally demonstrated in this paper. A multi-phase-shifted helical long period fiber grating is fabricated with a multi-period rotation technology. A π / 2 and a 3π / 2 phase shift is introduced in the helical long period fiber grating by changing the period. The helical pitch can be effectively changed with a different twist rate, which is measured by calculating the wavelength difference between two phase shift peaks. Although the wavelength of the phase shift peak also shifts with a change of the temperature, the wavelength difference between two phase shift peaks is constant due to two fixed phase shifts in the helical long period fiber grating, which is extremely insensitive to temperature change for the multi-phase-shifted helical long period fiber grating. The experimental results show that a sensitivity of up to 1.959 nm/(rad/m) is achieved.
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Ran Gao, Ran Gao, Yinian Zhu, Yinian Zhu, Sridhar Krishnaswamy, Sridhar Krishnaswamy, Jiang Yi, Jiang Yi, "Phase-shifted helical long-period grating-based temperature-insensitive optical fiber twist sensors", Proc. SPIE 9438, Health Monitoring of Structural and Biological Systems 2015, 94381D (23 March 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2084306; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2084306
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