27 March 2015 Acoustic signatures of different damage modes in plain and repaired granite specimens
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In construction sector marble and granite are widespread because of their unique properties through the centuries. The issue of repair in these materials is crucial in structural integrity and maintenance of the monuments through the world, as well as in modern buildings. In this study fracture experiments on granite specimens are conducted. The goal is to compare the typical acoustic emission (AE) signals from different modes (namely bending and shear) in plain granite and marble specimens as well as repaired in the crack surface with polyester adhesive. The distinct signature of the cracking modes is reflected on acoustic waveform parameters like the amplitude, rise time and frequency. Conclusions about how the repair affects the mechanical properties as well as the acoustic waveform parameters are drawn. Results show that AE helps to characterize the shift between dominant fracture modes using a simple analysis of AE descriptors as well as the integrity of the specimen (plain or repaired). This offers the potential for in-situ application mainly in the maintenance of the monuments where the need for continuous and nondestructive monitoring is imperative, but always care should be taken for the distortion of the signal, which increases with the propagation distance and can seriously mask the results in an actual case.
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A. C. Mpalaskas, A. C. Mpalaskas, T. E. Matikas, T. E. Matikas, D. Van Hemelrijck, D. Van Hemelrijck, S. Iliopoulos, S. Iliopoulos, G. S. Papakitsos, G. S. Papakitsos, D. G. Aggelis, D. G. Aggelis, "Acoustic signatures of different damage modes in plain and repaired granite specimens", Proc. SPIE 9439, Smart Materials and Nondestructive Evaluation for Energy Systems 2015, 94390L (27 March 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2085040; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2085040

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