19 February 2015 Research on deep silicon etching for micro-channel plates
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Proceedings Volume 9449, The International Conference on Photonics and Optical Engineering (icPOE 2014); 94493V (2015) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2083294
Event: The International Conference on Photonics and Optical Engineering and the Annual West China Photonics Conference (icPOE 2014), 2014, Xi'an, China
Abstract
In recent years, deep reactive ion etching (DRIE) has become a key process in the fabrication of microelectromechanical systems (MEMS). By combining the etching power of reactive ion etching and sidewall passivation, it provides a precise anisotropic etch that can be used to create very deep etches as well as very narrow structures in silicon. The standard Bosch process for DRIE alternates between two steps: etching and passivation. This combination provides the ability to etch very deep, vertical structures.

In this article, silicon was etched with the Bosch process and cryogenic processes for patterning high-aspect-ratio features. The two leading techniques were compared. The influences of process parameters on the aspect ratio, etching rate and sidewall roughness of silicon were studied. Strong dependence of etch rate on loading was observed. The result showed that the etching rate rely on the process parameters. The aspect ratio of 23 was obtained and is able to be further improved.
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Shun Zhou, Jiang Hu, Yufeng Zhu, Jing Nie, Jiaqiang Du, "Research on deep silicon etching for micro-channel plates", Proc. SPIE 9449, The International Conference on Photonics and Optical Engineering (icPOE 2014), 94493V (19 February 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2083294; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2083294
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