The main advantage of an optoelectronic oscillator (OEO) is the ability to synthesize directly very high spectral purity
frequency in microwave domain. Beside applications in radar, telecommunication and satellite systems, OEO can also be
used in sensor applications such as refractive index or distance measurements. However, the long-term stability of the
OEO is easily affected by ambient environment variations. The optical fiber loop effective refractive index varies
corresponding to its surrounding temperature changes. Consequently, it makes the optical transmission path inside the
fiber loop differ from the initial state, leading to oscillation frequency changes. To stabilize the single loop OEO, it is
essential to keep its high Q elements in a well-controlled thermal box as much as possible. Unfortunately, in the real
implementation condition, this requirement is difficult to be satisfied. In this paper, we present a new technique to
estimate the oscillation frequency variation under the room temperature by using a vector network analyzer (VNA).
Experimental results show a good correlation between OEO oscillation frequency drift and the phase measured by the
VNA. This technique can be implemented to apply corrections when using the OEO as a distance variation or a
refractive index measurement tool. We also tracked the temperature of the fiber loop at the same time with the VNAbased
experiment to compare two correlations of temperature and phase with OEO oscillation frequency.