4 June 2015 A study of doping influences on transmission of large-diameter gallium antimonide substrates for long-wave (LWIR) to very long wavelength (VLWIR) infra-red applications
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Abstract
Gallium antimonide (GaSb) is an important Group III-V compound semiconductor for infra-red (IR) photodetectors used in sensing and imaging applications. Operating in the mid (3-5 μm) to long wavelength region (8-12 μm) of the IR spectrum, the application of GaSb detectors is extensive, encompassing military, industrial, medical and environmental uses. A significant developing technology for GaSb based detectors are those effective in the very long wavelength (VLWIR) infra-red region (13 μm and beyond) which are advantageous in space and stealth based applications which necessitate high operating temperatures. In this study different doping levels of GaSb are considered and the IR transmission spectra examined by Fourier Transform IR analysis. GaSb n-type doped material consistent in delivering long to very long wavelength transmission is demonstrated which is preferable to p-type material which requires backside thinning for IR transmission. Czochralski (Cz) grown GaSb wafers are assessed for electrical quality and uniformity results, on Hall mobility, resistivity and carrier level reported. Results of this work will establish the carrier concentration that ultimately results in high transparency substrates. In summary enhancements in IR transmission will be shown to be achieved in GaSb bulk crystals by tellurium (Te) compensation.
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Rebecca Martinez, Marius Tybjerg, Brian Smith, Andrew Mowbray, Mark J. Furlong, "A study of doping influences on transmission of large-diameter gallium antimonide substrates for long-wave (LWIR) to very long wavelength (VLWIR) infra-red applications", Proc. SPIE 9451, Infrared Technology and Applications XLI, 94510U (4 June 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2178089; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2178089
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