This PDF file contains the front matter associated with SPIE Proceedings Volume 9455, including the Title Page, Copyright information, Table of Contents, Invited Panel Discussion, and Conference Committee listing.

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Volume 9455

The papers included in this volume were part of the technical conference cited on the cover and title page. Papers were selected and subject to review by the editors and conference program committee. Some conference presentations may not be available for publication. The papers published in these proceedings reflect the work and thoughts of the authors and are published herein as submitted. The publisher is not responsible for the validity of the information or for any outcomes resulting from reliance thereon.

Please use the following format to cite material from this book:

Author(s), “Title of Paper,” in Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear, and Explosives (CBRNE) Sensing XVI, edited by Augustus W. Fountain III, Proceedings of SPIE Vol. 9455 (SPIE, Bellingham, WA, 2015) Article CID Number.

ISSN: 0277-786X

ISBN: 9781628415711

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  • The last two digits indicate publication order within the volume using a Base 36 numbering system employing both numerals and letters. These two-number sets start with 00, 01, 02, 03, 04, 05, 06, 07, 08, 09, 0A, 0B … 0Z, followed by 10-1Z, 20-2Z, etc.

The CID Number appears on each page of the manuscript. The complete citation is used on the first page, and an abbreviated version on subsequent pages.


Numbers in the index correspond to the last two digits of the six-digit citation identifier (CID) article numbering system used in Proceedings of SPIE. The first four digits reflect the volume number. Base 36 numbering is employed for the last two digits and indicates the order of articles within the volume. Numbers start with 00, 01, 02, 03, 04, 05, 06, 07, 08, 09, 0A, 0B…0Z, followed by 10-1Z, 20-2Z, etc.

  • Abb, Martina, 0K

  • Abrishami, Tara, 0R

  • Aleksejev, Valeri, 08

  • Alvine, Kyle J., 03

  • Andrews, H. R., 06

  • Angel, S. Michael, 0N

  • Arbouet, Arnaud, 0K

  • Babichenko, Sergey, 08

  • Becker, Holger, 0B

  • Bennett, Wendy D., 03

  • Bernacki, Bruce E., 03

  • Beshay, Manal, 0U

  • Bichler, O., 0D

  • Bird, Alan W., 0E

  • Black, Leo-Jay, 0K

  • Blake, Thomas A., 05

  • Bobin, C., 0D

  • Boden, Stuart A, 0K

  • Bowman, Sherrie S., 0X

  • Brauer, Carolyn S., 05

  • Buck, Edgar C., 04

  • Byers, Jeff, 0I

  • Cohn, David B., 0M

  • Cox, Jason M., 0Y

  • Croteau, Philly, 0U

  • Currie, John F., 02

  • de Groot, C.H., 0K

  • Deutsch, Erik R., 0L

  • Dorsey, Brandi L., 0A

  • Duschek, Frank, 08

  • Emge, Darren K., 0F

  • Farka, Zdeněk, 07

  • Farley, Vincent, 0M

  • Fischbach, Thomas, 08

  • Fischer, Thomas, 0R

  • Forland, Brenda M., 05

  • Furstenberg, Robert, 0I, 0R

  • Gagnon, Marc-André, 0M

  • Gardner, Charles W., 0O

  • Gärtner, Claudia, 0B

  • Giza, Mark M., 0Z

  • Gomer, Nathaniel R., 0N, 0O

  • Goyal, Anish K., 0L

  • Gradmark, Per-Åke, 09

  • Guardala, Noel A., 02

  • Handke, Jürgen, 08

  • Harrison, Paul, 0Y

  • Hausmann, Anita, 08

  • Hedborg, Julia, 09

  • Hiller, Tobias, 0W

  • Hlawatsch, Nadine, 0B

  • Hoffland, Soren, 0V

  • Holthoff, Ellen L., 0T, 0W, 0Z

  • Hunter, Boyd V., 0Y

  • Ing, H., 06

  • Johnson, Kevin, 0G

  • Johnson, Timothy J., 04, 05

  • Jonsson, Per, 09

  • Kay, Steven, 0F

  • Kendziora, Christopher A., 0I, 0R

  • Kim, Eunja, 04

  • Klemm, Richard, 0B

  • Klueva, Oksana, 0O

  • Koslowsky, M. R., 06

  • Kotidis, Petros, 0L

  • Kovár, David, 07

  • Kullander, F., 0S

  • Landström, Lars, 09, 0S

  • Larsson, Anders, 09

  • Lav, Marvin, 0U

  • Lemon, Robert, 0E

  • Li, Lily, 0W

  • Lourenço, V., 0D

  • Lundén, H., 0S

  • Manegold, David, 0U

  • Marcus, Logan S., 0T

  • Marinelli, William J., 0U

  • Mathur, Veerendra K., 02

  • Mausolf, Edward J., 04

  • Mazurenko, Alexander, 0L

  • McGill, R. Andrew, 0I, 0R

  • McNamara, Bruce K., 04

  • Meier, David E., 04

  • Miller, Michael A., 0Y

  • Minor, Christian, 0G

  • Moche, Christian, 0B

  • Moore, Kori D., 0E

  • Mott, David R., 0R

  • Mulhall, Phil, 0U

  • Muskens, Otto L., 0K

  • Myers, Tanya L., 05

  • Nelson, Matthew P., 0N, 0O

  • Nguyen, Viet, 0I, 0R

  • Nordberg, M., 0Q

  • Norman, Mark, 0L

  • Östmark, H., 0Q

  • Papantonakis, Michael R., 0I, 0R

  • Pardoe, Ian, 0V

  • Pargmann, Carsten, 08

  • Pellegrino, Paul M., 0H, 0T, 0X, 0Z

  • Poryvkina, Larisa, 08

  • Rentz Dupuis, Julia, 0U

  • Roberson, Stephen D., 0H, 0X

  • Roy, Eric, 0V

  • Sarkes, Deborah A., 0A

  • Schattschneider, Sebastian, 0B

  • Schemer-Kohrn, Alan, 03

  • Schill, John F., 0Z

  • Schmit, Thomas, 0U

  • Skládal, Petr, 07

  • Smith, M. B., 06

  • Sobolev, Innokenti, 08

  • Stratis-Cullum, Dimitra N., 0A

  • Su, Yin-Fong, 05

  • Suter, Jonathan D., 03

  • Svanqvist, M., 0Q

  • Sweet, Lucas E., 04

  • Thevenin, M., 0D

  • Thiam, C., 0D

  • Turner, Kimberly L., 0W

  • Walters, William P., 0Y

  • Wang, Yudong, 0K

  • Warren, Russell E., 0M

  • Wästerby, Pär, 09, 0S

  • Weck, Philippe F., 04

  • Wensman, Johnathan D., 02

  • Wilcox, Phillip G., 0V

  • Wojcik, Michael, 0E

  • Ye, Jim, 0L

  • Zafiriou, Kostas, 0L

  • Zhu, Ninghui, 0L

Conference Committee

Symposium Chair

  • Nils R. Sandell Jr., Strategic Technology Office, DARPA (United States)

Symposium Co-chair

  • David A. Logan, BAE Systems (United States)

Conference Chair

  • Augustus Way Fountain III, U.S. Army Edgewood Chemical Biological Center (United States)

Conference Program Committee

  • Sylvie Buteau, Defence Research and Development Canada, Valcartier (Canada)

  • James P. Carney, Sandia National Laboratories (United States)

  • Christopher C. Carter, Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory (United States)

  • Darren K. Emge, U.S. Army Edgewood Chemical Biological Center (United States)

  • Jason A. Guicheteau, U.S. Army Edgewood Chemical Biological Center (United States)

  • Eric J. Houser, U.S. Department of Homeland Security (United States)

  • Chris R. Howle, Defence Science and Technology Laboratory (United Kingdom)

  • Harry Ing, Bubble Technology Industries, Inc. (Canada)

  • Timothy J. Johnson, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (United States)

  • Aaron LaPointe, U.S. Army Night Vision & Electronic Sensors Directorate (United States)

  • Paul M. Pellegrino, U.S. Army Research Laboratory (United States)

  • James Placke Jr., Y-12 National Security Complex (United States)

  • Cynthia R. Swim, U.S. Army Edgewood Chemical Biological Center (United States)

  • Anna Tedeschi, Strategic Analysis, Inc. (United States) and U. S. Department of Homeland Security (United States)

  • Steven W. Waugh, Defense Threat Reduction Agency (United States)

Session Chairs

  • 1 Radiological Detection

    Harry Ing, Bubble Technology Industries, Inc. (Canada)

  • 3 Biological Detection

    Cynthia R. Swim, U.S. Army Edgewood Chemical Biological Center (United States)

  • 4 Algorithms for CBRNE Sensing

    Darren K. Emge, U.S. Army Edgewood Chemical Biological Center (United States)

  • 5 Chemical Sensing I

    Christopher R. Howle, Defence Science and Technology Laboratory (United Kingdom)

  • 6 Explosives Sensing

    Aaron LaPointe, U.S. Army Night Vision & Electronic Sensors Directorate (United States)

  • 7 Chemical Sensing II

    Chris R. Howle, Defence Science and Technology Laboratory (United Kingdom)

  • 8 Chemical Sensing III

    Augustus Way Fountain III, U.S. Army Edgewood Chemical Biological Center (United States)


Perhaps it was providence, or just good timing, that the 100th Anniversary of the first use of industrialized gases occurred in the middle of the 16th meeting of the CBRNE Sensing Conference: part of the 2015 SPIE Defense, Security + Sensing Symposium. Despite the continued restrictions on travel and conference attendance, primarily from government participants, the CBRNE Conference was well attended and provided a unique forum where novel chemical and explosives sensing, bio-detection, and nuclear and radiological detection technologies and methods were presented over three days.

This year several themes emerged that define some of the most interesting presentations:

  • Small, portable platforms: smartphone spectrometers

  • Multi-functional materials and nanocomposites

  • Complex, multi-pulse spectroscopy

Smartphones are proving a popular platform for hand-held spectroscopy. Smartphone cameras developed for producing high pixel-count images and operating under low-light conditions have proven sufficient for: fluorescence microscopy, colorimetric spectroscopy of colored liquids in enzyme linked immunosorbent assays, and aerosol particle counting. The use of a smartphonebased platform provides substantial usability benefits including advanced user-interface and data-processing algorithms, and services such as cloud storage, geographic information system-tagging, and remote expert analysis.

New rationally-designed materials to improve chemical detection were described, but they were not all equally promising. In one of the best presentations, Dr. Otto Muskens provided a very informative talk on the use of plasmonics for the enhancement of electromagnetic fields around metallic nanostructures and demonstrated surface-enhanced infrared spectroscopy using arrays of indium tin oxide plasmonic nanoantennas. The combination of label-free infrared spectroscopy with the versatility of doped metal oxides has the potential of opening up new applications in sensing and spectroscopy, for example, as multifunctional transparent electrodes, catalysts, or electrically or optically controllable plasmonic devices.

Similarly, several inherently complex, multi-pulse spectroscopic techniques were highlighted and show enormous potential for enhanced sensitivity and interference rejection. Multiplex Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy (MCARS) has been used to create a complete Raman spectrum of a material of interest in milliseconds. However, these MCARS spectra often embedded in a nonresonant background (NRB) that reduces the ability to use those spectra to positively identify the material of interest. ARL presented several algorithms for NRB removal. However, a subsequent MCARS presentation by Dr. Paul Pellegrino indicated that MCARS is an inherently difficult technique and that is not quite ready for prime time analysis of unknowns.

Once again I want to thank my committee who really makes this conference happen. There is no way I could review all the abstracts and proceedings papers or host all the sessions without them. I am confident that this conference remains the most important means of bringing together the leaders in the field of CBRNE sensing from every sector; government, academia and industry. I am already excited about next year’s conference and the new developments it will report on.

Augustus W. Fountain III

© (2015) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
} "Front Matter: Volume 9455", Proc. SPIE 9455, Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear, and Explosives (CBRNE) Sensing XVI, 945501 (10 June 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2184323; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2184323

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