Marine atmospheric condition plays a critical role on imaging, laser beam propagation, and
optical communication of the commercial and military platform.
In Military platforms, ships and sailors must be able to defend and communicate with other
maritime platform in sometimes volatile and hostile regions around the globe. Naval combatants
need defensive and offensive capabilities against a variety of potential threats – many coming at
low altitude, UAV, USV etc. High energy lasers (HELs) are currently in development, which have
sufficient power levels (~100 kW) to destroy/disable most types of threats. Though target
engagement and energy delivery are challenging, a HEL weapon can engage targets at the speed of
light, does not require physical ammunition, and is able to run for hours at a time.