15 May 2015 Biometrics IRB best practices and data protection
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Abstract
The collection of data from human subjects for biometrics research in the United States requires the development of a data collection protocol that is reviewed by a Human Subjects Institutional Review Board (IRB). The IRB reviews the protocol for risks and approves it if it meets the criteria for approval specified in the relevant Federal regulations (45 CFR 46). Many other countries operate similar mechanisms for the protection of human subjects. IRBs review protocols for safety, confidentiality, and for minimization of risk associated with identity disclosure. Since biometric measurements are potentially identifying, IRB scrutiny of biometrics data collection protocols can be expected to be thorough. This paper discusses the intricacies of IRB best practices within the worldwide biometrics community. This is important because research decisions involving human subjects are made at a local level and do not set a precedent for decisions made by another IRB board. In many cases, what one board approves is not approved by another board, resulting in significant inconsistencies that prove detrimental to both researchers and human subjects. Furthermore, the level of biometrics expertise may be low on IRBs, which can contribute to the unevenness of reviews. This publication will suggest possible best practices for designing and seeking IRB approval for human subjects research involving biometrics measurements. The views expressed are the opinions of the authors.
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Christopher Boehnen, Christopher Boehnen, David Bolme, David Bolme, Patrick Flynn, Patrick Flynn, } "Biometrics IRB best practices and data protection", Proc. SPIE 9457, Biometric and Surveillance Technology for Human and Activity Identification XII, 94570F (15 May 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2181981; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2181981
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