22 May 2015 Calculation of the phase-center offset from 2D antenna radiation patterns
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Abstract
Centering the phase-center of an antenna onto the rotational axis used to measure its radiation pattern is an iterative and time consuming process. To facilitate this process, an algorithm has been developed to calculate the phase-center offset from the axis of rotation of a 2D antenna pattern. The hybrid algorithm is comprised of a combination of the two-point method to calculate the offset along the antenna mainbeam, and an antisymmetry method is used to calculate offset perpendicular to the mainbeam direction. The algorithm is tested on the E-plane radiation pattern of a cylindrical horn antenna calculated using the HFSS electromagnetic simulation engine, radiating at 5GHz. The algorithm calculates the phase-center offset to within 15%. Because the algorithm analyzes the unwrapped phase of the radiation pattern, which it converts to offset distance, no ambiguity due to offsets greater than a wavelength exist. Using this algorithm, the phase-center of the antenna can be placed coincident to the axis of rotation after the first antenna pattern is measured and analyzed.
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P. Deboux, P. Deboux, B. Verdin, B. Verdin, S. Pichardo, S. Pichardo, } "Calculation of the phase-center offset from 2D antenna radiation patterns", Proc. SPIE 9461, Radar Sensor Technology XIX; and Active and Passive Signatures VI, 946102 (22 May 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2177100; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2177100
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