19 May 2015 Estimation of the path-averaged atmospheric refractive index structure constant from time-lapse imagery
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Abstract
A time-lapse imaging experiment was conducted to monitor the effects of the atmosphere over some period of time. A tripod-mounted digital camera captured images of a distant building every minute. Correlation techniques were used to calculate the position shifts between the images. Two factors causing shifts between the images are: atmospheric turbulence, causing the images to move randomly and quickly, plus changes in the average refractive index gradient along the path which cause the images to move vertically, more slowly and perhaps in noticeable correlation with solar heating and other weather conditions. A technique for estimating the path-averaged C 2n from the random component of the image motion is presented here. The technique uses a derived set of weighting functions that depend on the size of the imaging aperture and the patch size in the image whose motion is being tracked. Since this technique is phase based, it can be applied to strong turbulence paths where traditional irradiance based techniques suffer from saturation effects.
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Santasri Basu, Jack E. McCrae, Steven T. Fiorino, "Estimation of the path-averaged atmospheric refractive index structure constant from time-lapse imagery", Proc. SPIE 9465, Laser Radar Technology and Applications XX; and Atmospheric Propagation XII, 94650T (19 May 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2177330; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2177330
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