22 May 2015 A novel method for full position and angular orientation measurement of moving objects
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Abstract
Angular orientation of an object such as a projectile, relative to the earth or another object such as a mobile platform continues to be an ongoing topic of interest for guidance and/or steering. Currently available sensors, which include inertia devices such as accelerometers and gyros; magnetometers; surface mounted antennas; radars; GPS; and optical line of sight devices, do not provide an acceptable on-board solution for many applications, particularly for gun-fired munitions. We present a viable solution, which combines open-aperture sensors with custom designed radiation patterns and one or more amplitude modulated polarization scanning reference sources. Subsequently, the sensor system presents a new approach to angle measurements, with several key advantages over traditional cross-polarization based rotation sensors. Primarily, angular information is coded into a complex spatiotemporal pattern, which is insensitive to power fluctuations caused by environmental factors, while making the angle measurement independent of distance from the referencing source. Triangulation, using multiple sources, may be also used for onboard position measurement. Both measurements are independent of GPS localization; are direct and relative to the established local referencing system; and not subject to drift and/or error accumulation. Results of laboratory tests as well as field tests are presented.
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Harbans S. Dhadwal, Jahangir Rastegar, Dake Feng, Philip Kwok, Carlos M. Pereira, "A novel method for full position and angular orientation measurement of moving objects", Proc. SPIE 9468, Unmanned Systems Technology XVII, 946803 (22 May 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2177500; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2177500
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