22 May 2015 A novel method for determining target detection thresholds
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Abstract
Target detection is the act of isolating objects of interest from the surrounding clutter, generally using some form of test to include objects in the found class. However, the method of determining the threshold is overlooked relying on manual determination either through empirical observation or guesswork. The question remains: how does an analyst identify the detection threshold that will produce the optimum results? This work proposes the concept of a target detection sweet spot where the missed detection probability curve crosses the false detection curve; this represents the point at which missed detects are traded for false detects in order to effect positive or negative changes in the detection probability. ROC curves are used to characterize detection probabilities and false alarm rates based on empirically derived data. It identifies the relationship between the empirically derived results and the first moment statistic of the histogram of the pixel target value data and then proposes a new method of applying the histogram results in an automated fashion to predict the target detection sweet spot at which to begin automated target detection.
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S. Grossman, "A novel method for determining target detection thresholds", Proc. SPIE 9476, Automatic Target Recognition XXV, 947607 (22 May 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2177300; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2177300
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