3 June 2015 Integrated smartphone imaging of quantum dot photoluminescence and Förster resonance energy transfer
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Smartphones and other mobile devices are emerging as promising analytical platforms for point-of-care diagnostics, particularly when combined with nanotechnology. For example, we have shown that the optical properties of semiconductor quantum dots (QDs) are well suited to photoluminescence (PL) detection with a smartphone camera. However, this previous work has utilized an external excitation source for interrogation of QD PL. In this proceeding, we demonstrate that the white-light LED photographic flashes built into smartphones can be optically filtered to yield blue light suitable for excitation of QD PL. Measurements were made by recording video with filtered flash illumination and averaging the frames of the video to obtain images with good signal-to-background ratios. These images permitted detection of green-emitting and red-emitting QDs at levels comparable to those possible with excitation using an external long-wave UV lamp. The optical properties of QDs proved to be uniquely suited to smartphone PL imaging, exhibiting emission that was 1–2 orders magnitude brighter than that of common fluorescent dyes under the same conditions. Excitation with the smartphone flash was also suitable for imaging of FRET between green-emitting QD donors and Alexa Fluor 555 (A555) fluorescent dye acceptors. No significant difference in FRET imaging capability was observed between excitation with the smartphone flash and a long-wave UV lamp. Although the smartphone flash did have some disadvantages compared to an external UV lamp, these disadvantages are potentially offset by the benefit of having excitation and detection integrated into the smartphone.
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Eleonora Petryayeva, Eleonora Petryayeva, W. Russ Algar, W. Russ Algar, } "Integrated smartphone imaging of quantum dot photoluminescence and Förster resonance energy transfer", Proc. SPIE 9482, Next-Generation Spectroscopic Technologies VIII, 94820L (3 June 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2177868; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2177868

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