13 May 2015 Investigation of the optical and sensing characteristics of nanoparticle arrays for high temperature applications
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Monitoring polluting gases such as CO and NOx emitted from gas turbines in power plants and aircraft is important, in order to both reduce the effects of such gases on the environment as well as to optimize the performance of the respective power system. Fuel cost savings as well as a reduced environmental impact can be realized if air traffic utilized next generation jet turbines with an emission/performance control sensing system. These monitoring systems must be sensitive and selective to gases as well as be reliable and stable under harsh environmental conditions where the operation temperatures are in excess of 500 °C within a highly reactive environment. In this work, plasmonics based chemical sensors with nanocomposites of a combination of gold nano particles and Yttria Stabilized Zirconia (YSZ) has enabled the sensitive (PPM) and stable detection (100s of hrs.) of H2, NO2 and CO at temperatures of 500 °C. Selectivity remains a challenging parameter to optimize and a layer by layer sputter deposition approach has been recently demonstrated to modify the resulting sensing properties through a change in the morphology of the deposited films. It is expected that further enhancements would be realized through control of the shape and geometry of the catalytically active Au nanoparticles. This level of control has been realized through the use of electron beam lithography to fabricate nanocomposite arrays. Sensing results towards the detection of H2 will be highlighted with specific concerns related to optimization of these nanorod arrays detailed.
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Gnanaprakash Dharmalingam, Gnanaprakash Dharmalingam, Michael A. Carpenter, Michael A. Carpenter, "Investigation of the optical and sensing characteristics of nanoparticle arrays for high temperature applications", Proc. SPIE 9491, Sensors for Extreme Harsh Environments II, 949108 (13 May 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2177572; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2177572

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