7 May 2015 Tailoring bulk mechanical properties of 3D printed objects of polylactic acid varying internal micro-architecture
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Abstract
Herein we present 3D Printing (3DP) fabrication of structures having internal microarchitecture and characterization of their mechanical properties. Depending on the material, geometry and fill factor, the manufactured objects mechanical performance can be tailored from "hard" to "soft.” In this work we employ low-cost fused filament fabrication 3D printer enabling point-by-point structuring of poly(lactic acid) (PLA) with~̴400 µm feature spatial resolution. The chosen architectures are defined as woodpiles (BCC, FCC and 60 deg rotating). The period is chosen to be of 1200 µm corresponding to 800 µm pores. The produced objects structural quality is characterized using scanning electron microscope, their mechanical properties such as flexural modulus, elastic modulus and stiffness are evaluated by measured experimentally using universal TIRAtest2300 machine. Within the limitation of the carried out study we show that the mechanical properties of 3D printed objects can be tuned at least 3 times by only changing the woodpile geometry arrangement, yet keeping the same filling factor and periodicity of the logs. Additionally, we demonstrate custom 3D printed µ-fluidic elements which can serve as cheap, biocompatible and environmentally biodegradable platforms for integrated Lab-On-Chip (LOC) devices.
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Mangirdas Malinauskas, Edvinas Skliutas, Linas Jonušauskas, Deividas Mizeras, Andžela Šešok, Algis Piskarskas, "Tailoring bulk mechanical properties of 3D printed objects of polylactic acid varying internal micro-architecture", Proc. SPIE 9505, Quantum Optics and Quantum Information Transfer and Processing 2015, 95050P (7 May 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2178515; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2178515
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