5 May 2015 Volume holographic gratings as optical sensor for heavy metal in bathing waters
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Abstract
Sensor holograms utilize the diffraction principle of transmitting volume holographic grating (VHG) recorded within a photopolymer appositely functionalized to detect a specific stimulus or analyte. A change in the swelling or shrinking state or cross-linking density of the polymer can be caused by the hologram interaction with an analyte. This leads to a change in the recorded hologram sensor and thus, considering an incident monochromatic light and the VHG angular selectivity, to an angle shift of the diffracted maximum intensity. In this work, two new photopolymers based on a sol-gel matrix opportunely functionalized to be sensitive to transition metals or heavy metals were used as sensitive material to record VHGs. An interferometric set up with a laser source at 532nm was used to record VHGs and gratings of 1000 lines/mm were realized. When exposed to a solution of water and lead, an angle shift of about 3° of the first order diffraction of the grating was measured, demonstrating its capability to reveal the presence of heavy metal in water.
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G. Bianco, M. A. Ferrara, F. Borbone, F. Zuppardi, A. Roviello, V. Striano, G. Coppola, "Volume holographic gratings as optical sensor for heavy metal in bathing waters", Proc. SPIE 9506, Optical Sensors 2015, 95062B (5 May 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2179171; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2179171
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