7 May 2015 Development of optical fibers for mid-infrared sensing: state of the art and recent achievements
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Abstract
Chalcogenide glass fibers are matchless devices to collect mi-infrared signal. Depending on the spectroscopic strategy, different kind of optical fibers have been developed during the past 10 years. The first fibers have been fabricated from selenide glasses to implement Fiber Evanescent Wave Spectroscopy (FEWS). It is an efficient way to collect optical spectra in situ, in real time and even, in the future, in vivo. Thanks to selenide glass fibers, it is possible to record such spectra on the mid-infrared range from 2 to 11 μm. This working window gives access to the fundamental vibration band of most of biological molecules and numerous multi-disciplinary works have been led in biology and medicine.

New glasses, only based on tellurium, have been recently developed, initially in the frame of the Darwin mission led by the European Space Agency (ESA). These glasses transmit light further toward the farinfrared and permit to reach the absorption band of CO2 located at 15 μm as requested by the ESA. Moreover, these telluride glass fiber are also very interesting for FEWS and medical application. Indeed, they give access to the mid-infrared signal of biomolecules beyond 11 μm, where classical selenide glass fibers are blind. Alternatively, in order to fight against global warning, some optical fibers have been developed for the monitoring of the CO2 stored into geological storage area underground. These fibers were doped with Dy3+ which emits a broad fluorescent band embedding the CO2 absorption band at 4.3 μm. thus, these fibers are used both to transmit light and as secondary sources in the mid-infrared.

To conclude, original microstructurated fibers have also been used for mid-infrared sensing. They exhibit a nice sensitivity compared to classical chalcogenide glass fibers.
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Bruno Bureau, Bruno Bureau, Catherine Boussard-Plédel, Catherine Boussard-Plédel, Johann Troles, Johann Troles, Virginie Nazabal, Virginie Nazabal, Jean Luc Adam, Jean Luc Adam, Jean-Louis Doualan, Jean-Louis Doualan, Alain Braud, Alain Braud, Patrice Camy, Patrice Camy, Pierre Lucas, Pierre Lucas, Laurent Brilland, Laurent Brilland, Lionel Quetel, Lionel Quetel, Hugues Tariel, Hugues Tariel, } "Development of optical fibers for mid-infrared sensing: state of the art and recent achievements", Proc. SPIE 9507, Micro-structured and Specialty Optical Fibres IV, 950702 (7 May 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2181952; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2181952
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