21 May 2015 Out-of-plane piezoelectric microresonator and oscillator circuit for monitoring engine oil contamination with diesel
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Abstract
Real-time monitoring of the physical properties of liquids is an important subject in the automotive industry. Contamination of lubricating oil by diesel soot has a significant impact on engine wear. Resonant microstructures are regarded to be a precise and compact solution for tracking the viscosity and density of lubricant oils. Since the measurement of pure shear forces do not allow an independent determination of the density and viscosity, two out-of-plane modes for the monitoring of oil dilution with diesel have been selected. The first one (12-mode) is working at 51 kHz and the second mode (14-mode) at 340 kHz. Two parameters were measured: the quality factor and the resonance frequency from which the viscosity and density of the fluids under test can be determined, requiring only a small amount of test liquid. A PLL-based oscillator circuit was implemented based on each resonator. Our results demonstrate the performance of the resonator in oils with viscosity up to 90 mPa·s. The quality factor measured at 25°C was 7 for the 12-mode and 19 for the 14-mode. A better resolution in density and viscosity was obtained for the 14-mode, showing a resolution of 3.92·10-5 g/ml for the density and 1.27·10-1 mPa·s for the viscosity, in pure lubricant oil SAE 0W30. An alternative tracking system, based on a discrete oscillator circuit, was tested with the same resonator, showing a comparable stability and supporting our approach.
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J. Toledo, J. Toledo, T. Manzaneque, T. Manzaneque, V. Ruiz-Díez, V. Ruiz-Díez, F. Jiménez-Márquez, F. Jiménez-Márquez, M. Kucera, M. Kucera, G. Pfusterschmied, G. Pfusterschmied, E. Wistrela, E. Wistrela, U. Schmid, U. Schmid, J. L. Sánchez-Rojas, J. L. Sánchez-Rojas, } "Out-of-plane piezoelectric microresonator and oscillator circuit for monitoring engine oil contamination with diesel", Proc. SPIE 9517, Smart Sensors, Actuators, and MEMS VII; and Cyber Physical Systems, 95170C (21 May 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2179251; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2179251
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