21 May 2015 Ultra-low power sensor for autonomous non-invasive voltage measurement in IoT solutions for energy efficiency
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Abstract
Monitoring current and voltage waveforms is fundamental to assess the power consumption of a system and to improve its energy efficiency. In this paper we present a smart meter for power consumption which does not need any electrical contact with the load or its conductors, and which can measure both current and voltage. Power metering becomes easier and safer and it is also self-sustainable because an energy harvesting module based on inductive coupling powers the entire device from the output of the current sensor. A low cost 32-bit wireless CPU architecture is used for data filtering and processing, while a wireless transceiver sends data via the IEEE 802.15.4 standard. We describe in detail the innovative contact-less voltage measurement system, which is based on capacitive coupling and on an algorithm that exploits two pre-processing channels. The system self-calibrates to perform precise measurements regardless the cable type. Experimental results demonstrate accuracy in comparison with commercial high-cost instruments, showing negligible deviations.
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Clemente Villani, Clemente Villani, Domenico Balsamo, Domenico Balsamo, Davide Brunelli, Davide Brunelli, Luca Benini, Luca Benini, } "Ultra-low power sensor for autonomous non-invasive voltage measurement in IoT solutions for energy efficiency", Proc. SPIE 9517, Smart Sensors, Actuators, and MEMS VII; and Cyber Physical Systems, 95172I (21 May 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2181332; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2181332
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