1 June 2015 Integrated microfluidic technology for sub-lethal and behavioral marine ecotoxicity biotests
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Changes in behavioral traits exhibited by small aquatic invertebrates are increasingly postulated as ethically acceptable and more sensitive endpoints for detection of water-born ecotoxicity than conventional mortality assays. Despite importance of such behavioral biotests, their implementation is profoundly limited by the lack of appropriate biocompatible automation, integrated optoelectronic sensors, and the associated electronics and analysis algorithms. This work outlines development of a proof-of-concept miniaturized Lab-on-a-Chip (LOC) platform for rapid water toxicity tests based on changes in swimming patterns exhibited by Artemia franciscana (Artoxkit M™) nauplii. In contrast to conventionally performed end-point analysis based on counting numbers of dead/immobile specimens we performed a time-resolved video data analysis to dynamically assess impact of a reference toxicant on swimming pattern of A. franciscana. Our system design combined: (i) innovative microfluidic device keeping free swimming Artemia sp. nauplii under continuous microperfusion as a mean of toxin delivery; (ii) mechatronic interface for user-friendly fluidic actuation of the chip; and (iii) miniaturized video acquisition for movement analysis of test specimens. The system was capable of performing fully programmable time-lapse and video-microscopy of multiple samples for rapid ecotoxicity analysis. It enabled development of a user-friendly and inexpensive test protocol to dynamically detect sub-lethal behavioral end-points such as changes in speed of movement or distance traveled by each animal.
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Yushi Huang, Yushi Huang, Constantino Carlos Reyes Aldasoro, Constantino Carlos Reyes Aldasoro, Guido Persoone, Guido Persoone, Donald Wlodkowic, Donald Wlodkowic, } "Integrated microfluidic technology for sub-lethal and behavioral marine ecotoxicity biotests", Proc. SPIE 9518, Bio-MEMS and Medical Microdevices II, 95180F (1 June 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2180692; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2180692

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