Concerning these limitations, approaches should to be developed that work for arbitrary topography measurement devices and require little effort. Hence, we propose calibration artefacts which are based on the 3D-Abbott-Curve and image desired surface characteristics. Further, real geometric structures are used as an initial point of the calibration artefact.
Based on these considerations, an algorithm is introduced which transforms an arbitrary measured surface into a measurement artefact for the z-axis linearity. The method works both for profiles and topographies. For considering effects of manufacturing, measuring, and evaluation an iterative approach is chosen. The mathematical impact of these processes can be calculated with morphological signal processing.
The artefact is manufactured with 3D laser lithography and characterized with different optical measurement devices. An introduced calibration routine can calibrate the entire z-axis-range within one measurement and minimizes the required effort. With the results it is possible to locate potential linearity deviations and to adjust the z-axis. Results of different optical measurement principles are compared in order to evaluate the capabilities of the new artefact.