30 June 2015 Quality assessment of the TLS data in conservation of monuments
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Laser scanning has been recently confirming its high potential in the field of acquiring 3D data for architectural and engineering objects. The objective of this paper is to analyse the quality of the TLS data acquired for different surfaces of monumental objects, with consideration of distances and the scanning angles. Tests concerning the quality of the survey data and shapes of architectural objects, characterised by diversified curvature, structure and the uniformity of the surface, were performed. The obtained results proved that utilisation of terrestrial laser scanning techniques does not allow to achieve expected accuracy for some historical surfaces and it should be substituted by alternative, photogrammetric techniques. Therefore, the typology of constructions of historical objects is important not only for selection of the optimum technique of surveys, but also for its appropriate utilisation.

The test objects were architectural details of the Main Hall of the Warsaw University of Technology. Scans were acquired using the 5006h scanner. Diversified geometry of scans was tested, and the relations between the distance and obtained accuracy were specified. In the case of numerous conservational works the precise surface reconstruction is often important, in order to specify damages. Therefore, the repeatability of obtained TLS results for selected surfaces was also tested. Different surfaces were analysed, which are composed of different materials having glittery elements and inhomogeneous structure. The obtained results and performed analyses revealed the high imperfections of the TLS technique applied for measuring surfaces of historical objects. The presented accuracy of measurements of projection of historical surfaces, obtained using the TLS technique may be applied by art conservators, museum professionals, archaeologists and other specialists, to perform wide analyses of historical heritage objects.
© (2015) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Jakub S. Markiewicz, Jakub S. Markiewicz, Dorota Zawieska, Dorota Zawieska, } "Quality assessment of the TLS data in conservation of monuments", Proc. SPIE 9527, Optics for Arts, Architecture, and Archaeology V, 95270V (30 June 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2184911; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2184911

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