19 June 2015 Single LED-based device to perform widefield fluorescence imaging and photodynamic therapy
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Proceedings Volume 9531, Biophotonics South America; 953121 (2015) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2185925
Event: SPIE Biophotonics South America, 2015, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a treatment modality that can be indicated for several cancer types and pre-cancer lesions. One of the main applications of PDT is the treatment of superficial skin lesions such as basal cell carcinoma, Bowen’s disease and actinic keratosis. Three elements are necessary in PDT, a photosensitizer (PS); light at specific wavelength to be absorbed by the PS, and molecular oxygen. A typical PS used for skin lesion is protoporphyrin IX (PpIX), which is an intrinsic PS; its production is stimulated by a pro-drug, such as 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA). Before starting a treatment, it is very important to follow up the PpIX production (to ensure that enough PS was produced prior to a PDT application) and, during a PDT session, to monitor its photodegradation (as it is evidence of the photodynamic effect taking place). The aim of this paper is to present a unique device, LINCE (MMOptics - São Carlos, Brazil), that brings together two probes that can, respectively, allow for fluorescence imaging and work as a light source for PDT treatment. The fluorescence probe of the system is optically based on 400 nm LED (light emitting diodes) arrays that allow observing the fluorescence emission over 450 nm. The PDT illumination probe options are constituted of 630 nm LED arrays for small areas and, for large areas, of both 630 nm and 450 nm LED arrays. Joining both functions at the same device makes PDT treatment simpler, properly monitorable and, hence, more clinically feasible. LINCE has been used in almost 1000 PDT treatments of superficial skin lesions in Brazil, with 88.4% of clearance of superficial BCC.
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Clovis Grecco, Clovis Grecco, Hilde H. Buzzá, Hilde H. Buzzá, Mirian D. Stringasci, Mirian D. Stringasci, Cintia T. Andrade, Cintia T. Andrade, Jose D. Vollet-Filho, Jose D. Vollet-Filho, Sebastião Pratavieira, Sebastião Pratavieira, Anderson L. Zanchin, Anderson L. Zanchin, Aparecida M. Tuboy, Aparecida M. Tuboy, Vanderlei S. Bagnato, Vanderlei S. Bagnato, } "Single LED-based device to perform widefield fluorescence imaging and photodynamic therapy", Proc. SPIE 9531, Biophotonics South America, 953121 (19 June 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2185925; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2185925

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