In laser cut clinical applications, the use of energy densities lower than the ablation threshold causes increase of
temperature of the irradiated tissue, which might result in an irreversible thermal damage. Hence, knowing the ablation
threshold is crucial for insuring the safety of these procedures. The aim of this study was to determine the ablation
threshold of the Er,Cr:YSGG laser in bone tissue. Bone pieces from jaws of New Zealand rabbits were cut as blocks of
5 mm × 8 mm and polished with sandpaper. The Er,Cr:YSGG laser used in this study had wavelength of 2780 nm, 20 Hz
of frequency, and the irradiation condition was chosen so as to simulate the irradiation during a surgical procedure. The
laser irradiation was performed with 12 different values of laser energy densities, between 3 J/cm2 and 42 J/cm2, during
3 seconds, resulting in the overlap of 60 pulses. This process was repeated in each sample, for all laser energy densities.
After irradiation, the samples were analyzed by scanning electron microscope (SEM), and it was measured the crater
diameter for each energy density. By fitting a curve that related the ablation threshold with the energy density and the
corresponding diameter of ablation crater, it was possible to determine the ablation threshold. The results showed that the
ablation threshold of the Er,Cr:YSGG in bone tissue was 1.95±0.42 J/cm2.