19 June 2015 Comparative analysis of gingival phenotype in animal and human experimental models using optical coherence tomography in a non-invasive approach
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Proceedings Volume 9531, Biophotonics South America; 95313S (2015) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2180856
Event: SPIE Biophotonics South America, 2015, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Abstract
Imaging methods are widely used in diagnostic and among the diversity of modalities, optical coherence tomography (OCT) is nowadays commercially available and considered the most innovative technique used for imaging applications, in both medical and non-medical applications. In this study, we exploit the OCT technique in the oral cavity for identification and differentiation between free and attached gingiva, as well as determining the gingival phenotype, an important factor to determination of periodontal prognosis in patients. For the animal studies, five porcine jaws were analyzed using a Swept Source SS-OCT system operating at 1325nm and stereomicroscope, as gold pattern. The SSOCT at 1325nm was chosen due to the longer central wavelength, that allows to deeper penetration imaging, and the faster image acquisition, an essential factor for clinical setting. For the patient studies, a total of 30 males and female were examined using the SS-OCT at 1325nm and computer controlled periodontal probing. 2D and 3D images of tooth/gingiva interface were performed, and quantitative measurements of the gingival sulcus could be noninvasively obtained. Through the image analysis of the animals jaws, it was possible to quantify the free gingiva and the attached gingiva, the calculus deposition over teeth surface and also the subgingival calculus. For the patient’s studies, we demonstrated that the gingival phenotype could be measured without the periodontal probe introduction at the gingival sulcus, confirming that OCT can be potentially useful in clinic for direct observation and quantification of gingival phenotype in a non-invasive approach.
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Cláudia C. B. O. Mota, Cláudia C. B. O. Mota, Luana O. Fernandes, Luana O. Fernandes, Luciana S. A. Melo, Luciana S. A. Melo, Daniela S. Feitosa, Daniela S. Feitosa, Renata Cimões, Renata Cimões, Anderson S. L. Gomes, Anderson S. L. Gomes, } "Comparative analysis of gingival phenotype in animal and human experimental models using optical coherence tomography in a non-invasive approach", Proc. SPIE 9531, Biophotonics South America, 95313S (19 June 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2180856; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2180856
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