30 April 2015 Vision based tunnel inspection using non-rigid registration
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Proceedings Volume 9534, Twelfth International Conference on Quality Control by Artificial Vision 2015; 95340J (2015) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2182932
Event: The International Conference on Quality Control by Artificial Vision 2015, 2015, Le Creusot, France
Growing numbers of long tunnels across the globe has increased the need for safety measurements and inspections of tunnels in these days. To avoid serious damages, tunnel inspection is highly recommended at regular intervals of time to find any deformations or cracks at the right time. While following the stringent safety and tunnel accessibility standards, conventional geodetic surveying using techniques of civil engineering and other manual and mechanical methods are time consuming and results in troublesome of routine life. An automatic tunnel inspection by image processing techniques using non rigid registration has been proposed. There are many other image processing methods used for image registration purposes. Most of the processes are operation of images in its spatial domain like finding edges and corners by Harris edge detection method. These methods are quite time consuming and fail for some or other reasons like for blurred or images with noise. Due to use of image features directly by these methods in the process, are known by the group, correlation by image features. The other method is featureless correlation, in which the images are converted into its frequency domain and then correlated with each other. The shift in spatial domain is the same as in frequency domain, but the processing is order faster than in spatial domain. In the proposed method modified normalized phase correlation has been used to find any shift between two images. As pre pre-processing the tunnel images i.e. reference and template are divided into small patches. All these relative patches are registered by the proposed modified normalized phase correlation. By the application of the proposed algorithm we get the pixel movement of the images. And then these pixels shifts are converted to measuring units like mm, cm etc. After the complete process if there is any shift in the tunnel at described points are located.
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Amir Badshah, Shan Ullah, Danish Shahzad, "Vision based tunnel inspection using non-rigid registration", Proc. SPIE 9534, Twelfth International Conference on Quality Control by Artificial Vision 2015, 95340J (30 April 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2182932; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2182932

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