15 July 2015 Detection of early caries by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy
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To improve sensitivity of dental caries detection by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) analysis, it is proposed to utilize emission peaks in the ultraviolet. We newly focused on zinc whose emission peaks exist in ultraviolet because zinc exists at high concentration in the outer layer of enamel. It was shown that by using ratios between heights of an emission peak of Zn and that of Ca, the detection sensitivity and stability are largely improved. It was also shown that early caries are differentiated from healthy part by properly setting a threshold in the detected ratios. The proposed caries detection system can be applied to dental laser systems such as ones based on Er:YAG-lasers. When ablating early caries part by laser light, the system notices the dentist that the ablation of caries part is finished. We also show the intensity of emission peaks of zinc decreased with ablation with Er:YAG laser light.
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Shuhei Sasazawa, Shuhei Sasazawa, Satoko Kakino, Satoko Kakino, Yuji Matsuura, Yuji Matsuura, } "Detection of early caries by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy", Proc. SPIE 9537, Clinical and Biomedical Spectroscopy and Imaging IV, 95371E (15 July 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2183056; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2183056

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