This study reports the stability of Promethazine aqueous solutions, based on their absorption spectra acquired before and after Nd:YAG laser irradiation sessions or under different temperature and illuminating storage conditions. Samples of Promethazine solutions in ultrapure water, at a concentration range between 10-6 M – 10-2 M, were kept in dark at 22°C, and 4°C as well as at 22°C in ambient light up to a time interval of three months. Absorption spectra were recorded periodically in order to determine any changes of the optical properties. Also, solutions of 20 mg/mL were exposed for different time intervals to laser radiation emitted at 266 nm by the Nd:YAG laser. The stability of the optical properties of irradiated Promethazine solutions for 4 h was investigated up to two months.
The laser irradiated samples show similar but more rapid and intense changes compared to solutions exposed to ambient light, suggesting molecular modifications that could be due to the production of more polar phenothiazine derivatives.