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10 September 2015 Stability studies on Promethazine unexposed and exposed to UV laser radiation
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Abstract
As a phenothiazine derivative, Promethazine may undergo structural modifications when it is exposed to light. This process consists in the degradation of the initial compound and in the generation of new photoproducts with possible anti-infectious qualities. Stability studies are necessary in order to establish the proper use of drug solutions in different applications. At the same time, these investigations are important in the context of the generation of side-products induced by environmental conditions that bring new benefits to the compound.

This study reports the stability of Promethazine aqueous solutions, based on their absorption spectra acquired before and after Nd:YAG laser irradiation sessions or under different temperature and illuminating storage conditions. Samples of Promethazine solutions in ultrapure water, at a concentration range between 10-6 M – 10-2 M, were kept in dark at 22°C, and 4°C as well as at 22°C in ambient light up to a time interval of three months. Absorption spectra were recorded periodically in order to determine any changes of the optical properties. Also, solutions of 20 mg/mL were exposed for different time intervals to laser radiation emitted at 266 nm by the Nd:YAG laser. The stability of the optical properties of irradiated Promethazine solutions for 4 h was investigated up to two months.

The laser irradiated samples show similar but more rapid and intense changes compared to solutions exposed to ambient light, suggesting molecular modifications that could be due to the production of more polar phenothiazine derivatives.
© (2015) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Adriana Smarandache, Agota Simon, Tatiana Tozar, Viorel Nastasa, and Mihail Lucian Pascu "Stability studies on Promethazine unexposed and exposed to UV laser radiation", Proc. SPIE 9549, Physical Chemistry of Interfaces and Nanomaterials XIV, 954916 (10 September 2015); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2189289
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