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23 September 2015 Development of a resistivity standard for polymeric materials used in photovoltaic modules
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Abstract
Photovoltaic (PV) modules, operate at high voltages and elevated temperatures, and are known to degrade because of leakage current to ground. Related degradation processes may include: electric/ionic corrosion, electrochemical deposition, electromigration, and/or charge build-up in thin layers. The use of polymeric materials with a high resistivity is known to reduce the rate of potential induced degradation processes. Because of this, PV materials suppliers are placing increased importance on the encapsulant bulk resistivity, but there is no universally accepted method for making this measurement. The development of a resistivity test standard is described in this paper. We have performed a number of exploratory and round-robin tests to establish a representative and reproducible method for determining the bulk resistivity of polymeric materials, including encapsulation, backsheet, edge seals, and adhesives. The duration of measurement has been shown to greatly affect the results, e.g., an increase as great as 100X was seen for different measurement times. The standard has been developed using measurements alternating between an "on" and "off" voltage state with a weighted averaging function and cycle times of an hour.
© (2015) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Michael D. Kempe, David C. Miller, Dylan L. Nobles, Keiichiro Sakurai, John Tucker, Jayesh G. Bokria, Tsuyoshi Shioda, Kumar Nanjundiah, Toshio Yoshihara, Jeff Birchmier, Oihana Zubillaga, and John H. Wohlgemuth "Development of a resistivity standard for polymeric materials used in photovoltaic modules", Proc. SPIE 9563, Reliability of Photovoltaic Cells, Modules, Components, and Systems VIII, 956302 (23 September 2015); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2189662
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