5 September 2015 Optical and magnetic probes of hot singlet exciton fission in π-conjugated polymers for organic photovoltaic applications
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Abstract
We used steady state and picosecond transient photoinduced absorption (PA), excitation dependence (EXPA(ω)) spectrum of the triplet exciton PA band, and its magneto-PA (MPA(B)) response to investigate singlet fission (SF) of hot-excitons into two separated triplet excitons in luminescent π-conjugated polymers. From the high energy step in the triplet EXPA(ω) spectrum of poly(dioctyloxy)-phenylenevinylene (DOO-PPV) films, we identified a hot-exciton SF (HE-SF) process having threshold energy at E≈2ET (=2.8 eV, where ET is the energy of the lowest lying triplet exciton), which is about 0.8 eV above the lowest singlet exciton energy. The picosecond transient PA with 3.1 eV pump excitation shows that in DOO-PPV film a triplet exciton is generated at time, t<500 ps. However the ultrafast triplet generation is missing in DOO-PPV solution, indicating that the HE-SF is predominantly interchain in nature. The HE-SF process was confirmed by the triplet MPA(B) response for excitation at E>2ET, which shows a typical SF response. Our work shows that the SF process in π-conjugated polymers is a much more general process than thought previously.
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Yaxin Zhai, Yaxin Zhai, Ella Olejnik, Ella Olejnik, Z. Valy Vardeny, Z. Valy Vardeny, } "Optical and magnetic probes of hot singlet exciton fission in π-conjugated polymers for organic photovoltaic applications", Proc. SPIE 9564, Light Manipulating Organic Materials and Devices II, 95640A (5 September 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2187596; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2187596
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