26 August 2015 The aging process of optical couplers by gamma irradiation
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Scientists have recently discovered that the ageing process of optical elements is faster than it was originally anticipated. It is mostly due to the multiple increases of the optical power in optical components, the introduction of wavelength division multiplexers and, overall, the increased flow of traffic in optical communications. This article examines the ageing process of optical couplers and it focuses on their performance parameters. It describes the measurement procedure followed by the evaluation of the measurement results. To accelerate the ageing process, gamma irradiation from 60Co was used. The results of the measurements of the optical coupler with one input and eight outputs (1:8) were summarized. The results gained by measuring of the optical coupler with one input and four outputs (1:4) as well as of the optical couplers with one input and two outputs (1:2) with different split ratios were also processed. The optical powers were measured on the input and the outputs of each branch of each optical coupler at the wavelengths of 1310 nm and 1550 nm. The parameters of the optical couplers were subsequently calculated according to the appropriate formulas. These parameters were the insertion loss of the individual branches, split ratio, total losses, homogeneity of the losses and directionalities alias cross-talk between the individual output branches. The gathered data were summarized before and after the first irradiation when the configuration of the couplers was 1:8 and 1:4. The data were summarized after the third irradiation when the configuration of the couplers was 1:2.
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Lukas Bednarek, Lukas Bednarek, Ondrej Marcinka, Ondrej Marcinka, Frantisek Perecar, Frantisek Perecar, Martin Papes, Martin Papes, Lukas Hajek, Lukas Hajek, Jan Nedoma, Jan Nedoma, Vladimir Vasinek, Vladimir Vasinek, } "The aging process of optical couplers by gamma irradiation", Proc. SPIE 9586, Photonic Fiber and Crystal Devices: Advances in Materials and Innovations in Device Applications IX, 958613 (26 August 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2187044; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2187044

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