27 August 2015 Si-strip photon counting detectors for contrast-enhanced spectral mammography
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Abstract
We report on the development of silicon strip detectors for energy-resolved clinical mammography. Typically, X-ray integrating detectors based on scintillating cesium iodide CsI(Tl) or amorphous selenium (a-Se) are used in most commercial systems. Recently, mammography instrumentation has been introduced based on photon counting Si strip detectors. The required performance for mammography in terms of the output count rate, spatial resolution, and dynamic range must be obtained with sufficient field of view for the application, thus requiring the tiling of pixel arrays and particular scanning techniques. Room temperature Si strip detector, operating as direct conversion x-ray sensors, can provide the required speed when connected to application specific integrated circuits (ASICs) operating at fast peaking times with multiple fixed thresholds per pixel, provided that the sensors are designed for rapid signal formation across the X-ray energy ranges of the application. We present our methods and results from the optimization of Si-strip detectors for contrast enhanced spectral mammography. We describe the method being developed for quantifying iodine contrast using the energy-resolved detector with fixed thresholds. We demonstrate the feasibility of the method by scanning an iodine phantom with clinically relevant contrast levels.
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Buxin Chen, Buxin Chen, Ingrid Reiser, Ingrid Reiser, Jan C. Wessel, Jan C. Wessel, Nail Malakhov, Nail Malakhov, Gregor Wawrzyniak, Gregor Wawrzyniak, Neal E. Hartsough, Neal E. Hartsough, Thulasi Gandhi, Thulasi Gandhi, Chin-Tu Chen, Chin-Tu Chen, Jan S. Iwanczyk, Jan S. Iwanczyk, William C. Barber, William C. Barber, } "Si-strip photon counting detectors for contrast-enhanced spectral mammography", Proc. SPIE 9594, Medical Applications of Radiation Detectors V, 959406 (27 August 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2195609; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2195609
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