27 August 2015 Microsystem for remote sensing of high energy radiation with associated extremely low photon flux densities
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This paper presents a microsystem for remote sensing of high energy radiation in extremely low flux density conditions. With wide deployment in mind, potential applications range from nuclear non-proliferation, to hospital radiation-safety. The daunting challenge is the low level of photon flux densities – emerging from a Scintillation Crystal (SC) on to a ~1 mm-square detector, which are a factor of 10000 or so lower than those acceptable to recently reported photonic chips (including ‘single-photon detection’ chips), due to a combination of low Lux, small detector size, and short duration SC output pulses – on the order of 1 μs. These challenges are attempted to be overcome by the design of an innovative ‘System on a Chip’ type microchip, with high detector sensitivity, and effective coupling from the SC to the photodetector. The microchip houses a tiny n+ diff p-epi photodiode (PD) as well as the associated analog amplification and other related circuitry, all fabricated in 0.5micron, 3-metal 2-poly CMOS technology. The amplification, together with pulse-shaping of the photocurrent-induced voltage signal, is achieved through a tandem of two capacitively coupled, double-cascode amplifiers. Included in the paper are theoretical estimates and experimental results.
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A. Otten, A. Otten, V. K. Jain, V. K. Jain, } "Microsystem for remote sensing of high energy radiation with associated extremely low photon flux densities", Proc. SPIE 9595, Radiation Detectors: Systems and Applications XVI, 959505 (27 August 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2191389; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2191389

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