2 September 2015 Research on the algorithm of infrared target detection based on the frame difference and background subtraction method
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Abstract
As an important branch of infrared imaging technology, infrared target tracking and detection has a very important scientific value and a wide range of applications in both military and civilian areas. For the infrared image which is characterized by low SNR and serious disturbance of background noise, an innovative and effective target detection algorithm is proposed in this paper, according to the correlation of moving target frame-to-frame and the irrelevance of noise in sequential images based on OpenCV. Firstly, since the temporal differencing and background subtraction are very complementary, we use a combined detection method of frame difference and background subtraction which is based on adaptive background updating. Results indicate that it is simple and can extract the foreground moving target from the video sequence stably. For the background updating mechanism continuously updating each pixel, we can detect the infrared moving target more accurately. It paves the way for eventually realizing real-time infrared target detection and tracking, when transplanting the algorithms on OpenCV to the DSP platform. Afterwards, we use the optimal thresholding arithmetic to segment image. It transforms the gray images to black-white images in order to provide a better condition for the image sequences detection. Finally, according to the relevance of moving objects between different frames and mathematical morphology processing, we can eliminate noise, decrease the area, and smooth region boundaries. Experimental results proves that our algorithm precisely achieve the purpose of rapid detection of small infrared target.
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Yun Liu, Yun Liu, Yuejin Zhao, Yuejin Zhao, Ming Liu, Ming Liu, Liquan Dong, Liquan Dong, Mei Hui, Mei Hui, Xiaohua Liu, Xiaohua Liu, Yijian Wu, Yijian Wu, } "Research on the algorithm of infrared target detection based on the frame difference and background subtraction method", Proc. SPIE 9596, Signal and Data Processing of Small Targets 2015, 959607 (2 September 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2187230; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2187230
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