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22 September 2015 The image registration of multi-band images by geometrical optics
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Abstract
The image fusion is combination of two or more images into one image. The fusion of multi-band spectral images has been in many applications, such as thermal system, remote sensing, medical treatment, etc. Images are taken with the different imaging sensors. If the sensors take images through the different optical paths in the same time, it will be in the different positions. The task of the image registration will be more difficult. Because the images are in the different field of views (F.O.V.), the different resolutions and the different view angles. It is important to build the relationship of the viewpoints in one image to the other image. In this paper, we focus on the problem of image registration for two non-pinhole sensors. The affine transformation between the 2-D image and the 3-D real world can be derived from the geometrical optics of the sensors. In the other word, the geometrical affine transformation function of two images are derived from the intrinsic and extrinsic parameters of two sensors. According to the affine transformation function, the overlap of the F.O.V. in two images can be calculated and resample two images in the same resolution. Finally, we construct the image registration model by the mapping function. It merges images for different imaging sensors. And, imaging sensors absorb different wavebands of electromagnetic spectrum at the different position in the same time.
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Yung-Jhe Yan, Hou-Chi Chiang, Yu-Hsiang Tsai, Ting-Wei Huang, and Ou-Yang Mang "The image registration of multi-band images by geometrical optics", Proc. SPIE 9599, Applications of Digital Image Processing XXXVIII, 95990L (22 September 2015); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2187199
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