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23 December 1976 A Comparison of Some Models of X-Ray Beam Hardening
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Proceedings Volume 0096, Application of Optical Instrumentation in Medicine V; (1976) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.965423
Event: Application of Optical Instrumentation in Medicine V, 1976, Washington, D.C., United States
Abstract
In computed tomography (CT), any reconstruction algorithm relies upon input data that accurately reflect true line integrals of some physical quantity. In x-ray transmission tomography, x-ray beam hardening alters the polychromatic x-ray source spectrum resulting in inconsistent data if simple exponential attenuation is assumed. Four models relating intensity of the emerging polychromatic beam to thickness of the absorber are examined in this paper. A cubic polynomial relation suggested by Macovski et allis compared with more physically motivated models of Greening2, Joseph3 and the present authors. Results given indicate that for moderate x-ray prefiltering (.75mm Cu), all models provide better than .05% accuracy for computing thickness of a single material; while for small material thicknesses and lighter x-ray filtration (<6.mm Al), Greening's formula is most accurate.
© (1976) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Robert Wickizer, Richard Zacher, Ken Krippner, and Yeong-Yeong Liu "A Comparison of Some Models of X-Ray Beam Hardening", Proc. SPIE 0096, Application of Optical Instrumentation in Medicine V, (23 December 1976); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.965423
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