21 September 2015 FPGA acceleration by asynchronous parallelization for simultaneous image reconstruction and segmentation based on the Mumford-Shah regularization
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Abstract
X-ray computed tomography (CT) is an important technique for noninvasive clinical diagnosis and nondestructive testing. In many applications a number of image processing steps are needed before the image features are available. One of these processing steps is image segmentation, which generates the edge and the structural features of the regions of interest. The conventional flow is to first reconstruct images and then apply image segmentation methods on reconstructed images. In contrast, an emerging technique obtains the tomographic image and segmentation simultaneously, which is especially useful in the case of limited data. An iterative method for simultaneous reconstruction and segmentation (SRS) with Mumford-Shah model has been proposed, which not only regularizes the ill-posed tomographic reconstruction problem, but also produces the image segmentation at the same time. The Mumford-Shah model is both mathematically and computationally challenging. In this paper, we propose an asynchronous ray-parallel algorithm of the SRS method and accelerate it using field-programmable gate array (FPGA) devices, which drastically improves the energy efficiency. Experimental results show that the FPGA implementation achieves a 1:2× speedup with an energy efficiency as great as 58×, over the GPU implementation.
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Wentai Zhang, Wentai Zhang, Guojie Luo, Guojie Luo, Li Shen, Li Shen, Thomas Page, Thomas Page, Peng Li, Peng Li, Ming Jiang, Ming Jiang, Peter Maass, Peter Maass, Jason Cong, Jason Cong, } "FPGA acceleration by asynchronous parallelization for simultaneous image reconstruction and segmentation based on the Mumford-Shah regularization", Proc. SPIE 9600, Image Reconstruction from Incomplete Data VIII, 96000H (21 September 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2187898; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2187898
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