2 October 2015 Testing multilayer-coated polarizing mirrors for the LAMP soft X-ray telescope
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Abstract
The LAMP (Lightweight Asymmetry and Magnetism Probe) X-ray telescope is a mission concept to measure the polarization of X-ray astronomical sources at 250 eV via imaging mirrors that reflect at incidence angles near the polarization angle, i.e., 45 deg. Hence, it will require the adoption of multilayer coatings with a few nanometers dspacing in order to enhance the reflectivity. The nickel electroforming technology has already been successfully used to fabricate the high angular resolution imaging mirrors of the X-ray telescopes SAX, XMM-Newton, and Swift/XRT. We are investigating this consolidated technology as a possible technique to manufacture focusing mirrors for LAMP. Although the very good reflectivity performances of this kind of mirrors were already demonstrated in grazing incidence, the reflectivity and the scattering properties have not been tested directly at the unusually large angle of 45 deg. Other possible substrates are represented by thin glass foils or silicon wafers. In this paper we present the results of the X-ray reflectivity campaign performed at the BEAR beamline of Elettra - Sincrotrone Trieste on multilayer coatings of various composition (Cr/C, Co/C), deposited with different sputtering parameters on nickel, silicon, and glass substrates, using polarized X-rays in the spectral range 240 - 290 eV.
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D. Spiga, D. Spiga, B. Salmaso, B. Salmaso, R. She, R. She, K. Tayabaly, K. Tayabaly, M. Wen, M. Wen, R. Banham, R. Banham, E. Costa, E. Costa, H. Feng, H. Feng, A. Giglia, A. Giglia, Q. Huang, Q. Huang, F. Muleri, F. Muleri, G. Pareschi, G. Pareschi, P. Soffitta, P. Soffitta, G. Tagliaferri, G. Tagliaferri, G. Valsecchi, G. Valsecchi, Z. Wang, Z. Wang, } "Testing multilayer-coated polarizing mirrors for the LAMP soft X-ray telescope", Proc. SPIE 9603, Optics for EUV, X-Ray, and Gamma-Ray Astronomy VII, 96031B (2 October 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2185432; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2185432
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