16 September 2015 Orbital Differential Imaging: a new high-contrast post-processing technique for direct imaging of exoplanets
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Abstract
Current post-processing techniques in high contrast imaging depend on some source of diversity between the exoplanet signal and the residual star light at that location. The two main techniques are angular differential imaging (ADI), which makes use of parallactic sky rotation to separate planet from star light, and spectral differential imaging (SDI), which makes use of differences in the spectrum of planet and star light and the wavelength dependence of the point spread function (PSF). Here we introduce our technique for exploiting another source of diversity: orbital motion. Given repeated observations of an exoplanetary system with sufficiently short orbital periods, the motion of the planets allows us to discriminate them from the PSF. In addition to using powerful PSF subtraction algorithms, such an observing strategy enables temporal filtering. Once an orbit is determined, the planet can be "de-orbited" to further increase the signal-to-noise ratio. We call this collection of techniques Orbital Differential Imaging (ODI). Here we present the motivation for this technique, present a noise model, and present results from simulations. We believe ODI will be an enabling technique for imaging Earth-like planets in the habitable zones of Sun-like stars with dedicated space missions.
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Jared R. Males, Jared R. Males, Ruslan Belikov, Ruslan Belikov, Eduardo Bendek, Eduardo Bendek, } "Orbital Differential Imaging: a new high-contrast post-processing technique for direct imaging of exoplanets", Proc. SPIE 9605, Techniques and Instrumentation for Detection of Exoplanets VII, 960518 (16 September 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2188766; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2188766
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