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8 September 2015 Analysis of JPSS J1 VIIRS polarization sensitivity using the NIST T-SIRCUS
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Abstract
The polarization sensitivity of the Joint Polar Satellite System (JPSS) J1 Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) measured pre-launch using a broadband source was observed to be larger than expected for many reflective bands. Ray trace modeling predicted that the observed polarization sensitivity was the result of larger diattenuation at the edges of the focal plane filter spectral bandpass. Additional ground measurements were performed using a monochromatic source (the NIST T-SIRCUS) to input linearly polarized light at a number of wavelengths across the bandpass of two VIIRS spectral bands and two scan angles. This work describes the data processing, analysis, and results derived from the T-SIRCUS measurements, comparing them with broadband measurements. Results have shown that the observed degree of linear polarization, when weighted by the sensor’s spectral response function, is generally larger on the edges and smaller in the center of the spectral bandpass, as predicted. However, phase angle changes in the center of the bandpass differ between model and measurement. Integration of the monochromatic polarization sensitivity over wavelength produced results consistent with the broadband source measurements, for all cases considered.
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Jeff McIntire, James B. Young, David Moyer, Eugene Waluschka, Hassan Oudrari, and Xiaoxiong Xiong "Analysis of JPSS J1 VIIRS polarization sensitivity using the NIST T-SIRCUS", Proc. SPIE 9607, Earth Observing Systems XX, 960713 (8 September 2015); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2188463
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