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1 September 2015 Front Matter: Volume 9608
This PDF file contains the front matter associated with SPIE Proceedings Volume 9608, including the Title Page, Copyright information, Table of Contents, Introduction (if any), and Conference Committee listing.

The papers in this volume were part of the technical conference cited on the cover and title page. Papers were selected and subject to review by the editors and conference program committee. Some conference presentations may not be available for publication. Additional papers and presentation recordings may be available online in the SPIE Digital Library at

The papers reflect the work and thoughts of the authors and are published herein as submitted. The publisher is not responsible for the validity of the information or for any outcomes resulting from reliance thereon.

Please use the following format to cite material from these proceedings:

Author(s), “Title of Paper,” in Infrared Remote Sensing and Instrumentation XXIII, edited by Marija Strojnik Scholl, Gonzalo Páez, Proceedings of SPIE Vol. 9608 (SPIE, Bellingham, WA, 2015) Six-digit Article CID Number.

ISSN: 0277-786X

ISSN: 1996-756X (electronic)

ISBN: 9781628417746

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Paper Numbering: Proceedings of SPIE follow an e-First publication model. A unique citation identifier (CID) number is assigned to each article at the time of publication. Utilization of CIDs allows articles to be fully citable as soon as they are published online, and connects the same identifier to all online and print versions of the publication. SPIE uses a six-digit CID article numbering system structured as follows:

  • The first four digits correspond to the SPIE volume number.

  • The last two digits indicate publication order within the volume using a Base 36 numbering system employing both numerals and letters. These two-number sets start with 00, 01, 02, 03, 04, 05, 06, 07, 08, 09, 0A, 0B … 0Z, followed by 10-1Z, 20-2Z, etc. The CID Number appears on each page of the manuscript.

The CID Number appears on each page of the manuscript. The complete citation is used on the first page, and an abbreviated version on subsequent pages.


Numbers in the index correspond to the last two digits of the six-digit citation identifier (CID) article numbering system used in Proceedings of SPIE. The first four digits reflect the volume number. Base 36 numbering is employed for the last two digits and indicates the order of articles within the volume. Numbers start with 00, 01, 02, 03, 04, 05, 06, 07, 08, 09, 0A, 0B…0Z, followed by 10-1Z, 20-2Z, etc.

Agh, Christopher T., 0G

Arinze, Ebuka S., 13

Arnold, Gabriele E., 02, 03, 06

Barucci, Maria Antonietta, 03

Batbayar, J., 1F

Bauer, M., 04

Baumbach, D., 04

Becklin, E. E., 0F

Bergen, Z., 0S

Bermel, Peter, 19

Bingham, Gail E., 0Q

Bockelee-Morvan, Dominique, 03

Boe, Raymond, 0V

Boriskina, Svetlana V., 16

Börner, A., 04

Brown, Andrew P., 0G

Buder, M., 04

Buoni, Matthew, 0G

Capaccioni, Fabrizio, 03

Capria, Maria Teresa, 03

Cerroni, Priscilla, 03

Chang, Shenq-Tsong, 0E

Chen, Gang, 16

Cheng, Yan, 13

Choy, Wallace C. H., 1A

Clark, Frank O., 0I

Cline, Jason A., 0J

Cramer, Claire E., 0R

Cunio, Phillip M., 0H

De Sanctis, Maria Cristina, 03

Dixon, Andrew, 0V

Draudt, Andy, 0H

Drossart, Pierre, 03, 06

Dziuban, Ilia, 09

Erard, Stéphane, 03

Evdokimova, Nadezhda, 07

Fedorova, Anna, 07, 08, 09

Fierro, Josh, 0V

Filacchione, Gianrico, 03

Flores, Jorge L., 1G

Fraser, Gerald T., 0R

Funase, Ryu, 0C

Garcia-Torales, G., 1G

Glines, Eddie, 0Y

Goldstein, Neil, 0J

Gong, Tao, 1C

Grießbach, D., 04

Gunapala, S. D., 11

Hancock, J., 0S

Hansen, S., 0S

Hartmann, Fabian, 10

Haus, Rainer, 06

He, Xiaoyu, 0O

Hihara, Hiroki, 0C

Hill, C. J., 11

Höfling, Sven, 10

Höglund, L., 11

Hsu, Wei-Chun, 16

Huang, Yen-Ru, 0E

Ivanov, Andrey, 07

Ivanov, Yuriy S., 08

Iwase, Kaori, 0C

Jensen, Elijah, 0I, 0K

Kalinnikov, Yurii K., 07, 09

Kamp, Martin, 10

Kappel, David, 03, 06

Kawakami, Satoko, 0C

Keo, S. A., 11

Khoshakhlagh, A., 11

Kielkopf, John, 0I, 0J, 0K

Kiselev, Alexander V., 07

Knobel, Kimberly R., 0H

Korablev, Oleg, 07, 08, 09

Kozlova, Tatiana O., 08

Krayer, Lisa, 1C

Langer, Fabian, 10

Latvikoski, Harri, 0Q

Lee, San-Liang, 0E

Leyrat, Cedric, 03

Liao, Bolin, 16

Linder, A., 0Y

Liu, J. K., 11

Luong, E. M., 11

Lykke, Keith R., 0R

Malone, Neil, 0V

Mantsevich, Sergey, 07

Markus, Kathrin, 03

Masuda, Tetsuya, 0C

Migliorini, Alessandra, 03

Moiseev, Pavel P., 08

Montmessin, Franck, 08, 09

Mumolo, J. M., 11

Munday, Jeremy N., 1C

Neumann, Jay, 0Z

Newswander, T., 0S

Noyes, Bradley, 0I

Nuzzo, Ralph G., 18

Nyirjesy, Gabrielle, 13

Okada, Tatsuaki, 0C

Orolmaa, E., 1F

Otake, Hisashi, 0C

Paez, G., 1K, 1L

Palmquist, Nathan, 13

Palomba, Ernesto, 03

Parlato, Russell, 0Z

Patrakeev, Andrei, 08, 09

Penny, Ryan, 0J

Pereira, Wellesley E., 0K

Peter, G., 04

Pfenning, Andreas, 10

Piccioni, Giuseppe, 03, 06

Podolski, Igor, 0Q

Rafol, S. B., 11

Randolph, Max, 0Z

Richtsmeier, Steven, 0K

Sakr, Enas, 19

Sano, Junpei, 0C

Santier, E., 04

Santos, Stewart R., 1G

Säuberlich, T., 04

Savage, M. L., 0F

Schischmanow, A., 04

Schmitt, Bernard, 03

Scholl, M. K., 1K, 1L

Schrader, S., 04

Shapkin, Alexei, 07

Shroll, Robert M., 0K

Shumway, A., 0S

Siniyavsky, I. I., 08

Smith, Christine, 0H

Soibel, A., 11

Sorger, Volker J., 1E

St. Peter, Benjamin, 0K

Stauder, J., 0S

Stepanov, Alexander V., 08, 09

Strojnik, M., 1K, 1L

Stubbs, Christopher W., 0R

Tahersima, Mohammad H., 1E

Takada, Jun, 0C

Takano, Yousuke, 0C

Tannian, Bridget, 0J, 0K

Telléz Pedroza, Laura, 06

Thon, Susanna M., 13

Ting, D. Z., 11

Titov, Andrei Yu., 08, 09

Topham, T. Shane, 0Q

Tosi, Frederico, 03

Toussaint, W. Alex, 0L

Tozzi, Gian Paolo, 03

Tracy, Gregory, 0Z

Trofimov, Vladislav V., 0U

Trofimov, Vyacheslav A., 0U

Trokhimovskiy, Alexander, 08, 09

Troup, Richard, 0V

Tsao, Hen-Wai, 0E

Tsay, Ho-Lin, 0E

Tugjsuren, N., 1F

Tuya, S., 1F

Vaz, Amali, 0R

Viazovetsky, Nikita, 07

Walter, I., 04

Weber, Reed A., 0H, 0L

Willberger, Gary, 0V

Williams, D., 0S

Woodward, John T., 0R

Worschech, Lukas, 10

Wu, Jingshown, 0E

Wyles, Jessica, 0V

Xu, Xiaojian, 0O

Yao, Yuan, 18

Young, Hong-Tsu, 0E

Zhou, Jiawei, 16

Zhou, Zhiguang, 19

Conference Committee

Program Track Chair

  • Allen H.-L. Huang, University of Wisconsin-Madison (United States)

Conference Chairs

  • Marija Strojnik Scholl, Centro de Investigaciones en Óptica, A.C. (Mexico)

  • Gonzalo Páez, Centro de Investigaciones en Óptica, A.C. (Mexico)

Conference Program Committee

  • Gabriele E. Arnold, Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V. (Germany)

  • Gerald T. Fraser, National Institute of Standards and Technology (United States)

  • Sarath D. Gunapala, Jet Propulsion Laboratory (United States)

  • Neil R. Malone, Raytheon Company (United States)

  • Wellesley Pereira, Air Force Research Laboratory (United States)

  • Stanley J. Wellard, Space Dynamics Laboratory (United States)

Conference Review Committee

  • Peter Bermel, Purdue University (United States)

  • John Kielkopf, University of Louisville (United States)

  • John T. Woodward, National Institute of Standards and Technology (United States)

  • Gail E. Bingham, Utah State University Research Foundation (United States)

  • Jing-Shown Wu, National Taiwan University (Taiwan)

  • Sean P. Kilcoyne, Raytheon Company (United States)

  • Ralph G. Nuzzo, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (United States)

Session Chairs

  • Planetary and Comet Exploration

  • Gabriele E. Arnold, Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V. (Germany)

  • Marija Strojnik Scholl, Centro de Investigaciones en Óptica, A.C. (Mexico)

  • Probing Extra-terrestrial World: from Asteroids to Cosmos

  • John T. Woodward, National Institute of Standards and Technology (United States)

  • Marija Strojnik Scholl, Centro de Investigaciones en Óptica, A.C. (Mexico)

  • Advanced Techniques in Remote Sensing

  • Wellesley Pereira, Air Force Research Laboratory (United States)

  • John Kielkopf, University of Louisville (United States)

  • Calibration and Data Processing for IR Feature Extraction

  • Jing-Shown Wu, National Taiwan University (Taiwan)

  • Gonzalo Páez, Centro de Investigaciones en Óptica, A.C. (Mexico)

  • Advanced VIS-IR Focal Plane Development

  • Sean P. Kilcoyne, Raytheon Company (United States)

  • Neil Malone, Raytheon Company (United States)

  • Development of Novel IR-Responsive Materials

  • Peter Bermel, Purdue University (United States)

  • Gonzalo Páez, Centro de Investigaciones en Óptica, A.C. (Mexico)

  • Radiation-to-Current Transducers

  • Ralph G. Nuzzo, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (United States)

  • Gonzalo Páez, Centro de Investigaciones en Óptica, A.C. (Mexico)


On 10 – 13 August, 2015, we gathered in San Diego, California, once again to assess the status of the instruments, missions and technology in support of remote sensing and radiation detection. Forty-five presentations were delivered by authors from many countries: China, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Russian Federation, Taiwan, Ukraine, and United States. At the time of this writing, there have been 33 manuscripts submitted. Some authors were not able to obtain permission to publish within the publication period, others have found that their current commitments did not allow them to record the work, while others still plan to publish their achievements in refereed publications. One of the pleasures of being a chair is to recommend outstanding papers presented at this conference for publication in the SPIE refereed journals. We recommended a number of papers to be included in the Optical Engineering and the Journal of Nanophotonics.

The first session, Planetary and Comet Exploration, incorporated nine presentations. It was organized and chaired by Dr. Gabriele E. Arnold from Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V. in Germany. These manuscripts report on the major projects led by the European Space Agency in collaboration with Russian and American scientists. Among the 10 projects, probably the most significant achievement is the landing on a comet, despite difficulties with anchoring the instruments on its hard surface. The VIRTIS on Rosetta mission offered a unique opportunity to observe comet 67P/Churyumov Gerasimenko. The results include potential distribution of material as well as its emissivity and temperature. When the SPIE proceedings go to print, the asteroid will be its closest approach to the Sun and acquiring its highest heat load. We are hoping that next year the Europeans will agree to deliver a plenary presentation on this unique achievement during the annual meeting. Another very important update on the European missions include the details from the optical system on the MERTIS mission.

The second session, Probing Extra-terrestrial World: from Asteroids to Cosmos, addresses such fundamental issues as landing on an asteroid and measuring the speed of light from moving sources. It included a description of an IR spectrometer to measure wind and greenhouse gases. The great interest the audience expressed in the SOFIA instrument might lead to a dedicated session on this highly acclaimed instrument next year. Credit for running the session goes to Dr. John T. Woodward from the National Institute of Standards and Technology in the United States.

Dr. Wellesley Pereira, from the Air Force Research Laboratory in the United States, organized Session 3—Advanced Techniques in Remote Sensing. Six presentations covered a wide range subject matter, including such traditional themes as dim object detection in cluttered scenes and loss due to compression algorithms. Then the optical subtleties were introduced by identifying potential correlations between radiative and acoustic signals and, more broadly, vibrations.

Session 4 dealt with Calibration and Data Processing for IR Feature Extraction. We were indeed fortunate that this session was chaired by life-distinguished professor Dr. Jing-Shown Wu from National Taiwan University We included a paper from an earlier session here that describes scattered radiance in multispectral imagery simulation. This session also incorporated such diverse papers as remote sensing in extreme environments (in particular, magnetic fusion experiments), payload system optimization of a thermal infrared Earth resource-monitoring instrument, and two calibration demonstrations. Speakers described experiments for employing gallium as a thermal calibration reference in space and observatory demonstrations of absolute calibration of standard stars. Over the last few years, infrared cameras have been installed in many public locations to assess potential temperature fluctuations for health monitoring and control. Human temperature changes may be monitored with IR or microwaves.

Mr. Sean Kilcoyne organized the session on Advanced VIS-IR Focal Plane Development. Four presentations were delivered, but only three manuscripts were submitted at the time of this writing. The Raytheon researchers reported on modern multispectral ground, airborne and space digital focal plane technology; lifetime evaluation of large format CMOS infrared devices; and focal plane precision alignment and metrology.

The last two sessions concentrated on materials and technology development. The first among these sessions concentrated on the development of novel IRresponsive materials. Dr. Peter Bermel from Purdue University in the United States capably introduced four presenters, even though the time constrains allowed only three manuscripts to be included in proceedings. They report on cavity-enhanced AlGaAs/GaAs resonant tunneling photodetectors at 1.3 μm, colloidal quantum dot materials for infrared optoelectronics, and the measurement of the modulation transfer function of IR FPA.

The second session on materials and technology development included papers on radiation-to-current transducers. The objective of detector technology has always been to generate an increased amount of current upon a small amount of incident radiation. Dr. Ralph G. Nuzzo from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign was the moderator for the last session.

There are two techniques that increase the production of current upon the incidence and absorption of incident radiation. The first one is to increase the absorption of the incident radiation, and the second increases the generation of carriers for each absorbed photon. Among the former, the paper on enhancing selectivity of infrared absorbers and emitters through quality factor matching is of great interest. In solar energy harvesting, we are aware that more than 50% of the Sun’s radiation falls within the IR spectral intervals. Significant resources are dedicated to engineering materials that increase current response. Among a number of outstanding presentations, we point to the development of nano-membranes and soft fabrication methods for high performance technologies, the development of hot electron detectors for energy conversion, and the development of 2D materials for photon conversion with nanophotonics.

We wish to express our sincerest appreciation to our chairs for introducing the speakers and guiding discussions after the presentations were delivered. The presenters are the most-important contributors to the conference, followed closely by the audience whose informative questions led to lively discussions. The chairs were additionally tasked with the important assignment of reading the papers for the talks delivered in their sessions. They provided feedback formally through the SPIE review website and informally through e-mail. The chairs reviewed a few late papers. We are pleased that the SPIE conference presentations and proceedings incorporate this additional feature because it results in higher-quality proceedings.

We are most grateful to the SPIE staff for making this book happen. Thank you for making this conference and proceedings book a success.

Marija Strojnik Scholl

Gonzalo Páez

© (2015) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
"Front Matter: Volume 9608", Proc. SPIE 9608, Infrared Remote Sensing and Instrumentation XXIII, 960801 (1 September 2015);

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