28 August 2015 Design of ultra-thin metallic grating based circular polarizer in the near infrared
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The circular polarizers were mostly made of meta-atom based chiral metamaterials (CMMs). Here we propose an ultra-thin metallic grating based circular polarizer, which can convert any polarization into circular polarization. The circular polarizer consists of two layers: an ultra-thin metallic grating embedded in the substrate and a silicon grating on the substrate surface. The ultra-thin metallic grating, which is thinner than the skin depth and was shown to hold anomalous resonant reflection for transverse magnetic (TM) wave, functions as a quarter-wave plate. We show that the ultra-thin metallic grating based quarter-wave plate can transmit circular polarized wave when the incident linear polarized wave is oriented properly. The silicon grating acts as a linear polarizer which restricts the polarization of the light that reaches the metallic grating. Unlike some of the CMMs, our structure is independent of the incident polarization state. Moreover, the fabrication of our circular polarizer is easier than other double-layer-CMMs, in which the relative position between the two layers must be precisely controlled. Our structure can find its application integrated photonic devices.
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DeJiao Hu, DeJiao Hu, Ping Wang, Ping Wang, Pang Lin, Pang Lin, Fuhua Gao, Fuhua Gao, Jinglei Du, Jinglei Du, } "Design of ultra-thin metallic grating based circular polarizer in the near infrared", Proc. SPIE 9609, Infrared Sensors, Devices, and Applications V, 96090M (28 August 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2187598; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2187598

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