23 September 2015 Design and analysis of an active optics system for a 4-m telescope mirror combining hydraulic and pneumatic supports
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Abstract
AMOS has developed a hybrid active optics system that combines hydraulic and pneumatic properties of actuators to support a 4-m primary mirror. The mirror is intended to be used in the Daniel K. Inouye Solar Telescope (DKIST, formerly the Advanced Technology Solar Telescope) that will be installed by the National Solar Observatory (NSO) atop the Haleakala volcano in Hawaii. The mirror support design is driven by the needs of (1) minimizing the support-induced mirror distortions under telescope operating conditions, (2) shaping the mirror surface to the desired profile, and (3) providing a high stiffness against wind loads. In order to fulfill these requirements, AMOS proposes an innovative support design that consist of 118 axial actuators and 24 lateral actuators. The axial support is based on coupled hydraulic and pneumatic actuators. The hydraulic part is a passive system whose main function is to support the mirror weight with a high stiffness. The pneumatic part is actively controlled so as to compensate for low-order wavefront aberrations that are generated by the mirror support itself or by any other elements in the telescope optical chain. The performances of the support and its adequacy with the requirements are assessed with the help of a comprehensive analysis loop involving finite-element, thermal and optical modellings.
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Gregory P. Lousberg, Vincent Moreau, Jean-Marc Schumacher, Maxime Piérard, Aude Somja, Pierre Gloesener, Carlo Flebus, "Design and analysis of an active optics system for a 4-m telescope mirror combining hydraulic and pneumatic supports", Proc. SPIE 9626, Optical Systems Design 2015: Optical Design and Engineering VI, 962624 (23 September 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2191272; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2191272
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