12 October 2015 Assessment of MODIS on-orbit spatial performance
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Abstract
The Terra and Aqua satellites are part of NASA’s Earth Observing System and both satellites host a nearly-identical Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS). Of the 36 MODIS spectral bands mounted among four Focal Plane Assemblies (FPAs) two have a 250 meter spatial resolution at nadir. Five bands have a spatial resolution of 500 meters, while the remaining bands make observations at 1 kilometer resolution. MODIS is equipped with a suite of onboard calibrators to track on-orbit changes in key sensor performance parameters. The Spectro-Radiometric Calibration Assembly (SRCA) contains a calibration source that allows on-orbit assessment of MODIS spatial performance, providing information on current band-to-band registration (BBR), FPA-to-FPA registration (FFR), detector-to-detector registration (DDR), modulation transfer function (MTF), and instantaneous field-of-view (IFOV). In this paper, we present the methodology of the on-orbit spatial calibrations using SRCA and the results of these key spatial parameters. The MODIS spatial characteristics, measured on-orbit, are compared against design specifications and pre-launch measurements.
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Daniel Link, Daniel Link, Xiaoxiong Jack Xiong, Xiaoxiong Jack Xiong, Zhipeng Wang, Zhipeng Wang, } "Assessment of MODIS on-orbit spatial performance", Proc. SPIE 9639, Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites XIX, 963910 (12 October 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2194114; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2194114
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