15 October 2015 The ground prototype processor: Level-1 production during Sentinel-2 in-orbit acceptance
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Abstract
Jointly with the European Commission, the Sentinel-2 earth observation optical mission is developed by the European Space Agency (ESA). Relying on a constellation of satellites put in orbit starting mid-2015, Sentinel-2 will be devoted to the monitoring of land and coastal areas worldwide thanks to an imagery at high revisit (5 days with two satellites), high resolution (10m, 20m and 60m) with large swath (290km), and multi-spectral imagery (13 bands in visible and shortwave infra-red).

In this framework, the French Space Agency (CNES: Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales) supports ESA on the activities related to Image Quality, defining the image products and prototyping the processing techniques.

Scope of this paper is to present the Ground Prototype Processor (GPP) that will be in charge of Level-1 production during Sentinel-2 In Orbit Acceptance phase. GPP has been developed by a European industrial consortium composed of Advanced Computer Systems (ACS), Magellium and DLR on the basis of CNES technical specification of Sentinel-2 data processing and under the joint management of ESA-ESTEC and CNES. It will assure the generation of the products used for Calibration and Validation activities and it will provide the reference data for Sentinel-2 Payload Data Ground Segment Validation.

At first, Sentinel-2 end-users products definition is recalled with the associated radiometric and geometric performances; secondly the methods implemented will be presented with an overview of the Ground Image Processing Parameters that need to be tuned during the In Orbit Acceptance phase to assure the required performance of the products. Finally, the complexity of the processing having been showed, the challenges of the production in terms of data volume and processing time will be highlighted. The first Sentinel-2 Level-1 products are shown.
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B. Petrucci, B. Petrucci, C. Dechoz, C. Dechoz, S. Lachérade, S. Lachérade, C. L'Helguen, C. L'Helguen, J.-L. Raynaud, J.-L. Raynaud, T. Trémas, T. Trémas, C. Picard, C. Picard, A. Rolland, A. Rolland, } "The ground prototype processor: Level-1 production during Sentinel-2 in-orbit acceptance", Proc. SPIE 9643, Image and Signal Processing for Remote Sensing XXI, 964308 (15 October 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2194869; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2194869
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