15 October 2015 Sentinel 2 global reference image
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Abstract
Sentinel-2 is a multispectral, high-resolution, optical imaging mission, developed by the European Space Agency (ESA) in the frame of the Copernicus program of the European Commission. In cooperation with ESA, the Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales (CNES) is responsible for the image quality of the project, and will ensure the CAL/VAL commissioning phase. Sentinel-2 mission is devoted the operational monitoring of land and coastal areas, and will provide a continuity of SPOT- and Landsat-type data. Sentinel-2 will also deliver information for emergency services. Launched in 2015 and 2016, there will be a constellation of 2 satellites on a polar sun-synchronous orbit, imaging systematically terrestrial surfaces with a revisit time of 5 days, in 13 spectral bands in visible and shortwave infra-red. Therefore, multi-temporal series of images, taken under the same viewing conditions, will be available.

So as to ensure for the multi-temporal registration of the products, specified to be better than 0.3 pixels at 2σ, a Global Reference Image (GRI) will be produced during the CAL/VAL period. This GRI is composed of a set of Sentinel-2 acquisitions, which geometry has been corrected by bundle block adjustment. During L1B processing, Ground Control Points will be taken between this reference image and the sentinel-2 acquisition processed and the geometric model of the image corrected, so as to ensure the good multi-temporal registration.

This paper first details the production of the reference during the CALVAL period, and then details the qualification and geolocation performance assessment of the GRI. It finally presents its use in the Level-1 processing chain and gives a first assessment of the multi-temporal registration.
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C. Dechoz, C. Dechoz, V. Poulain, V. Poulain, S. Massera, S. Massera, F. Languille, F. Languille, D. Greslou, D. Greslou, F. de Lussy, F. de Lussy, A. Gaudel, A. Gaudel, C. L'Helguen, C. L'Helguen, C. Picard, C. Picard, T. Trémas, T. Trémas, } "Sentinel 2 global reference image", Proc. SPIE 9643, Image and Signal Processing for Remote Sensing XXI, 96430A (15 October 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2195046; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2195046
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