15 October 2015 An improved mutual information similarity measure for registration of multi-modal remote sensing images
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Abstract
Registration of multi-modal remote sensing images is an essential and challenging task in different remote sensing applications such as image fusion and multi-temporal change detection. Mutual Information (MI) has shown to be successful similarity measure for multi-modal image registration applications, however it has some drawbacks. 1. MI surface is highly non-convex with many local maxima. 2. Spatial information is completely lost in the calculation of the joint intensity probability distribution. In this paper, we present an improved MI similarity measure based on a new concept in integrating other image features as well as spatial information in the estimation of the joint intensity histogram which is used as an estimate of the joint probability distribution. The proposed method is based on the idea that each pixel in the reference image is assigned a weight, then each bin in the joint histogram is calculated as the summations of the weights of the pixels corresponding to that bin. The weight given to each pixel in the reference image is an exponential function of the corresponding pixel values in a distance image and a normalized gradient image such that higher weights are given to points close to one or more selected key points as well as points with high normalized gradient values. The proposed method is in essence a kind of calculating similarity measure using irregular sampling where sampling frequency is higher in areas close to key-points or areas with higher gradients. We have compared the proposed method with the conventional MI and Normalized MI methods for registration of pairs of multi-temporal multi-modal remote sensing images. We observed that the proposed method produces considerably better registration function containing fewer erroneous maxima and leading to higher success rate.
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Maha Shadaydeh, Maha Shadaydeh, Tamas Sziranyi, Tamas Sziranyi, } "An improved mutual information similarity measure for registration of multi-modal remote sensing images", Proc. SPIE 9643, Image and Signal Processing for Remote Sensing XXI, 96430F (15 October 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2194319; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2194319
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